Essa has engineered a single furnace XRF bead fusion machine that has the flexibility of being operated manually or easily incorporated into an automated laboratory environment. Fusion time is 9 minutes with a total cycle time of approximately 10-12 minutes per sample. Castable crucibles can be used which means no pouring is required. If normal crucibles are used then the fused sample must be poured into a mould. This can be done manually or automated using a small industrial robot. It would be, therefore, most efficient to incorporate several furnaces serviced by a single robot.